what is multicultural education

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It clarifies how issues of race, ethnicity, culture, language, religion, gender, and abilities/disabilities are intertwined with … Multicultural education encourages this process by helping us all to see the world in a different way. Generally speaking, multicultural education is predicated on the principle of educational equity for all students, regardless of culture, and it strives to remove barriers to educational opportunities and success for students from different cultural backgrounds. Teachers can encourage students to learn from one another’s experiences and ask questions that promote understanding. Multicultural education describes a system of instruction that attempts to foster cultural pluralism and acknowledges the differences between races and cultures. The following are few representative ways in which multicultural education may intersect with efforts to improve schools: As demographic changes in the United States have significantly increased the cultural diversity of student populations in public schools—many urban districts, for example, are already “majority minority” districts—multicultural policies and practices have become important and sometimes contentious issues. multicultural education is “developing theory, research, and practice that inter-relate variables connected to race, class and gender” (Banks, 2004, p. 13). Implementing multicultural education benefits not only individual students but also society as a whole. Students can be taught to recognize inequities in their classroom and community and use the classroom to discuss real problems their students identify. Keywords : multicultural educatio n, intercultural communication To apply effective teaching practices with diverse student groups, teachers should understand how to create equitable learning environments and multicultural education classrooms. Online Masters in Education Policy & Leadership, EdD Degree in Education Policy & Leadership Online, What Is Multicultural Education? Students in multicultural educational environments can learn how to value all cultures, bonding with peers over what makes them similar as well as what makes them unique. According to the National Center for Education Statistics, 50.7 million students attended public elementary and secondary schools in 2018, bringing a variety of backgrounds, languages, perspectives, and cultures to the classroom. Although it began with the African-American community, the movement soon expanded to include other cultural groups who were subject to discrimination. It’s important for educators to value their students’ experiences. In this article, we will discuss all of the things that educators should know about multicultural education. If students learn from a young age to be comfortable with differences, they are less likely to develop biases toward people of a different race or ethnicity. Multicultural education values different student cultures and prepares students to thrive in a diverse world. While teachers may be open minded and want to deliver equitable instruction, they may have underlying biases they may not be aware of. In multicultural education, there can be more of an emphasis on diffusing any of the prejudice or misinformation that one student might have about their ethnically-diverse classmates. Declaration of Independence, constitutions of South Africa and the United States, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations. Teachers, administrators, and school leaders play an important role in ensuring the incorporation of multicultural education by selecting and managing policies, curricula, and teaching styles. In recent years, as student populations have grown more diverse, multicultural approaches to education are increasingly being used in public schools. Those who believe in and prioritize meritocracy may perceive unequal educational allocations, accommodations, or compensations to be unfair (because some students are being given an unfair advantage, which may diminish opportunities for other, possibly more deserving, students). Since schools in the United States have traditionally used texts, learning materials, and cultural examples that commonly—or even exclusively—reflect an American or Eurocentric point of view, other cultural perspectives are often absent. Consequently, some students—such as recently arrived immigrants or students of color, for example—may be placed at an educational disadvantage due to cultural or linguistic obstacles that have been overlooked or ignored. Please select the program you're interested in. At the center of many debates about multicultural education is the question of whether such approaches might actually serve to divide rather than unite Americans, and whether certain strategies are fundamentally fair to all students. Action activities and projects should be tun… Multicultural education also assumes that the ways in which students learn and think are deeply influenced by their cultural identity and heritage, and that to teach culturally diverse students effectively requires educational approaches that value and recognize their cultural backgrounds. Key Takeaways: Multiculturalism Multiculturalism is the way in which a society deals with cultural diversity, both at the national and at the community level. Throughout their coursework, they can train as a classroom teacher through placement in an actual school setting. Multicultural education refers to any form of education or teaching that incorporates the histories, texts, values, beliefs, and perspectives of people from different cultural backgrounds. Those movements attempt to further the interests of their group members and force issues important to their group members into the public sphere. Some students may be visual learners, others tactile learners or auditory learners. Culturally Responsive Teaching Strategies: Importance, Benefits & Tips, EdD vs. PhD in Education: Requirements, Career Outlook, and Salary, Classroom, “Pros & Cons of Multicultural Education”, The Edvocate, “6 Things That Educators Should Know about Multicultural Education”, The National Association for Multicultural Education, “Definitions of Multicultural Education”, National Center for Education Statistics, “Digest of Education Statistics”, National Center for Education Statistics, “English Language Learners in Public Schools”, Studies Weekly, “On Education: Creating a Better Multicultural Curriculum”, Contact an Enrollment Advisor at (202) 807-6173, Copyright © 2020 | American University | 4400 Massachusetts Avenue, NW | Washington, DC | 20016 | Privacy Policy, Complete the form below to download a brochure & learn more about American University’s online education programs. In this way, multicultural education aims to improve the learning and success of all students, particularly students from cultural groups that have been historically underrepresented or that suffer from lower educational achievement and attainment. Multiculturalism is closely associated with identity politics, or political and social movements that have group identity as the basis of their formation and the focus of their political action. Reforming the school system and integrating a multicultural education system would mean introducing social justice thinking, changing the way we teach, and the way we test what students have learned. Some instructors may adjust their curriculum to reflect the cultural diversity of the students in a specific class. Created by the Great Schools Partnership, the GLOSSARY OF EDUCATION REFORM is a comprehensive online resource that describes widely used school-improvement terms, concepts, and strategies for journalists, parents, and community members. Integrating multicultural education into the existing curriculum, instead of making it a separate content area, relieves the burden of creating separate lessons, units and courses in an already-overburdened curriculum. N., Pam M.S. They can cultivate learning environments that benefit diverse student populations. At its core, multicultural education fosters equality, justice, and equity, and it establishes the reality of philosophical ideals in classroom environments. 1. Content integration encourages the teacher to provide additional opportunity for higher learning skills, such as inquiry and problem-solving. Sociologically, multiculturalism assumes that society as a whole benefits from increased diversity through the harmonious coexistence of different cultures. The practice relies on educators who value the histories and experiences of diverse groups of students. 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